Current Affairs – October 2014

  1. Noble Prize for Economics was awarded to French Economist Jeon Triole for his analysis on market power and regulation on October 13, 2014.
  2. Mc  Mary Kom was chosen as the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of India Incheon Asian Games Campaign on October 13, 2014 at the felicitation of the winners by the sponsors Samsung India.
  3. Sir Schindler Nicholas Winton was awarded with Order of White Lion of Czech Republic by the President Milos Zeman on October 28, 2014.
  4. Central Government passed an order to merge NSEL (National Spot Exchange Ltd.) with FTIL (Financial Technologies Ltd. on October 22, 2014.
  5. Serene Williams won the WTA Single Champions Ship Title 2014 defeating Simona Halep. She won US $2.05 million prize money along with Billie Jean King Trophy.
  6. Anirban Lahiri won the Venetian Macau Open Title defeating Australian scott Hend and Thai Prom Meesawat. It is his second title in 2014 and fifth win on Asian Tour.
  7. Sania Mirza and Cara Black won the BNP Paribas WTA Final Double Title by defeating defending champions Peng Shuai and Hsieh Su-Wei. They won Martina Navratilova Trophy along with US $5,00,000.
  8. Australian Author Richard Flanagan won the Man Booker Prize 2014 for his novel The Narrow Road to the Deep Earth on October 14, 2014. This was the first time Man Booker Prize was open for all the authors in English irrespective of nationalities.
  9. Kotak Mahendra Bank introduced Facebook based funds transfer platform KayPay on October 14, 2014. KayPay was built on top of the mobile based Immediate Payment System (IMPS). It was launched by National Payment Corporation of India.
  10. Arvind Subramanian was appointed as Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) in Union Finance Ministry on October 16, 2014. He was appointed for a period of 3 years on contract basis.
  11. ISRO launched IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) 1C, The third navigation satellite of IRNSS on October 16, 2014. PSLV C26 injected the navigation satellite into the designated orbit from the Satish Dawan Space Centre, Sri Hari Kota.
  12. Union Government launched Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Karyakramam on October 16, 2014. The aim of the project is to ease doing business and provide productive environment to the industrial development
  13. Rajiv Mehrishi was appointed as Union Finance Ministry Secretary replacing Arvind Marayam. Now Arvind was appointed as the Union Tourism Secretary.
  14. Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor of RBI was awarded with Euro Money’s Central Bank Governor of the year Award 2014 on October 10, 2014 in Washington.
  15. Hudhud is the name of the cyclonic storm occurred in Coastal Districts of Andhra pradesh and Odisha on October 12, 2014.
  16. Indian Shuttler Ajay jayaram won the Dutch pen Grand Prix Badminton Tournament on October 12, 2014.
  17. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRSS) released Global Health Index (GHI)on October 13, 2014. India occupies 55 position.
  18. Lewis Hamilton won the Inagural Russian Grand Prix Formula One race on October 12, 2014. Nico Rosberg stood in 2nd position in the race.
  19. Lyricist Sameer was awarded with National Kishore Kumar award for the yer2012 – 2013  on October 13, 2014. Madhya Pradesh Food and Civil Supplies Minister Kunwar Vijay Shah handed over the award to Sameer at a function in legendry singer’s birthplace khandwa.
  20. Khaled Bahah was appointed as the Prime Minister of Yemen by President on October 13, 2014
  21. Gautham Roy was appointed as the MD of Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd on October 14, 2014. Formerly he was the Executive Director Indian Oil Corporation (IOC).
  22. India will host the first leg of Asian Cup Archery Tournament in Delhi in January 2015. The second and third legs were allotted to Bangkok and Tehran respectively.
  23. October 15, 2014 was celebrated as Global Hand washing Day (GHD). The theme for the Day is Clean Hands and Save Lives.
  24. Venezuela, Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand and Spain  were elected as non permanent members of United Nations Security Council (UNSS). These countries will reside as non – permanent members for a term of two years from January 01, 2014.
  25. India successfully fired first long range subsonic crucial missile Nirbhay on October 17, 2014. The range of the missile is more than 1000 KM.
  26. October 17, 2014 was celebrated as International Day for Eradication of Poverty. The theme for the day was Leave no one Behind: think, decide and act against extreme poverty.
  27. Indian origin Scientist Sanjaya Rajaram received World Food Prize 2014 on October 16, 2014 for his research which led to increase the world wheat production by more than 200 million tons upon the success of Green Revolution.
  28. WHO officially declared Nigeria and Senegal as Ebola free countries. Ebola first entered into Nigeria through Liberian on July 20, 2014.
  29. FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) and Ministry of Commerce and Industry had  private meeting regarding India – LAC (Latin America and Caribbean) investment on October 16, 2014 and October 17, 2014.
  30. Government allowed to launch National Ayush Mission (NAM) to attend the gaps in health services in slum areas of country.

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Current Affairs – September 2014

  1. In Asian Games 2014 at Incheon second seeded Sania Mirza and Myneni won the Mixed Doubles Title (Tennis) beating the top seed Hsien Yin Peng and Hao Ching Chan.
  2. Mr. Pankaj Mishra, Indian Author won the prestigious Donald Windham Campbell Literature prize in non-fiction category for the year 2014.
  3. G.K. Pillai has been appointed as the chairman of  Tata International Ltd., which is the global trading and distribution arm of Tata Business Enterprises.
  4. Justice Handyala Lakshminarayana Swamy Dattu, Sworn in as the Chief Justice of India by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee.
  5. The Union Cabinet granted its approval for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. This is officially launched on October 2, 2014.
  6.  Institute for Economics and Peace in London released Global Peace Index (GPI) for the year 2014. India came down by two ranks and has been positioned at 143 in the global rankings.
  7. In the World Bank’s latest Migration and Development Brief, India has remained the top country to receive inward remittance with a total of $71 billion just this year.
  8. The Himachal Pradesh State Tourism Department has launched an Apple Festival to display and promote locally produced apples and apple made products among tourists.
  9. Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology set a cutoff date as July 31, 2015, for closing the much-debated merger of stressed state-run telecom companies, BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd) and MTNL (Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd).
  10. Mr. Narendra Modi launched the ambitious Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, which aims to achieve comprehensive financial inclusion. On the very first day 1.5 Crore (15 million) bank accounts were opened under this scheme.
  11. The 18 year long corruption case against former CM of Tamil Nadu, J. Jayalalitha, reached its conclusion when a special court in Bangalore presided by Special Judge John D’Cunha convicted her under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
  12. Hemant Contractor, Former MD of SBI has been chosen to head the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDM).
  13. Former CAG Vinod Rai has stressed that there is a need for selection of CAG under a collegium system on the lines of the selection process employed for Election Commissioners, Information Commissioners and Vigilance Commissioners.
  14. The renowned Hindi author, Mr. Govind Mishra received the Sarawasti Samman 2013 for his book “Dhool Paudho Par” published in 2008.
  15. Union Government announced 25 September as “Antyodya Diwas” to mark the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay, a noted philosopher, historian and political activist.
  16. Hardeep Singh Puri was appointed as Secretary General of Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM).
  17. The International Economic Association (IEA) has appointed Kaushik Basu, Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of World Bank, as president-elect of the association.
  18. Dr Krishan Kant Paul, Governor of Meghalaya sworn in as the 15th Governor of Manipur. Manipur High Court’s Chief Justice Lakshmi Kanta Mahapatra administered the oath of office and secrecy to Dr KK Paul.
  19. Subhash Chandra Garg was selected as the ED (Executive Director) of the World Bank. The tenure of Subhash Garg will be for 3 years.
  20. To attend the gaps in health services government permitted National Ayush Mission (NAM). This judgement was taken in Union Cabinet chaired by Mr. Narendra Modi.
  21. To protect coral species and enhance tourism in Gujarat, First Coral Garden will be set up at Mithapur coastal region of Devbhoomi, Dwaraka District.
  22. Kenya’s Dennis Kimetto creates new world record in Marathon. He won the 41st edition of the Berlin Marathon in just 2 hours, 2 minutes and 57 seconds.
  23. Xi Jinping, President of China was called for Taiwan’s merger with mainland China, forming one country two-government system.
  24. World Health Federation organized World’s Health Day 2014 on September 29, 2014.
  25. An Indian Origin Girl has been nominated for International Children’s Peace Prize, 2014. This is the initiative of Kidsright children welfare organization, Amsterdam.
  26. Reliance Industries Chair person, Mukhesh Ambani topped the 100 richest tycoons list of Forbes Magazine.
  27. Indian Cricket Legend and former team Captain Kapil Dev was honored with Life Time Achievement Award at House of Lords, London.
  28. India became the 4th country in the world and 1st country in Asia to land on Mars. Mangalayan (ISRO launched satellite on Mars) successfully landed on Mars orbital on September 24, 2014.
  29. VG Mathew was appointed as CEO & MD of South Indian Bank for a tenure of 3 years on September 24, 2014.
  30. Hindi Movie “Liar’s Dice” is about to represent India in next Oscar Awards.
  31. Lt Gen Rizwan Akhtar was appointed as the new chief of Pakistan Spy Agency ISI.
  32. Sachin Tendulkar was awarded with Giants International award for his achievements in Cricket.

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Current Affairs – August 2014

1) Oscar organizers declared that they would give esteemed humanitarian award to US actor-producer-singer Harry Belafonte, whose efforts as an activist has assisted throw light on racism and discrimination.

2) Partha Mitra, an Indian researcher in the US has been awarded a prestigious research grant under President Barack Obama’s initiative to map the human brain.

3) Noted filmmaker and Poet, Muzaffar Ali (69), has been conferred 22nd Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi, the president of All-India Congress Committee (AICC), presented him the award.

4) President Mr. Pranab Mukherjee presented the Outstanding Parliamentarian Awards to Arun Jaitley, Dr Karan Singh and Sharad Yadav for the year 2010, 2011 and 2012 respectively.

5) The International Mathematical Union gives the Fields Medal to mathematicians under the age of 40 at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held once every four years. The four 2014 Fields Medalists:
Artur Avila: For his most noteworthy research is in the study of chaos theory and dynamical systems.
Manjul Bhargava: For his contribution to number theory and algebra.
Martin Hairer: For his researches on stochastic partial differential equations.
Maryam Mirzakhani: For her work on the geometry of Riemann surfaces.

6) The list of Awardees for the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay award for year 2014 has been announced.
The Awardees are:
a) Hu shuli – Journalist from China
b) Wang Canfa – Lawyer, China
c) Saur Marlina Manurung – Anthropologist, Indonesia
d) Omara Khan Masoudi- National Museum director, Afghanistan
e) Randy Halasan – Teacher, Philippines
f) The Citizen’s Foundation – The Pakistani non-government group

7) Baba Kalyani has been re-nominated as the Co-Chairman of the India- Japan Business Leader’s Forum (IJBLF). The Ministry of Commerce and Indusry appointed Kalyani as chairperson of IJBLF.

8) Pakistan Government has appointed its Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Raheel Sharif as mediator to neutralize the ongoing political crisis in the country.

9) Recep Tayyip Erdogan was sworn in as 12th President of Turkey. He was sworn-in a ceremony held at Parliament of Turkey in Ankarra.

10) Bollywood megastar Shah Rukh Khan (SRK) has become the first Indian to become the brand ambassador of the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).

11) Seema Malhotra (42), an Indian-origin British MP, has been appointed as the Labour party’s maiden shadow minister dealing with violence against women and girls. Malhotra was nominated shadow minster by Britain’s Opposition party leader Ed Miliband. Malhotra’s responsibility will also involve working on Labour’s Women’s Safety Commission, which will formulate laws to be enacted if Miliband is victorious in the next polls.

12) Yashwardhan Shukla, a 13-year old school boy based in Delhi, has penned a novel titled ‘Gods of Antarctica’. The book is a fictional tale of gods and monsters. The book was published by the Readers Paradise.

13) Thailand’s’s military’s top official, General Prayuth Chan-ocha (60), has been named the new Prime Minister of the country. Gen Prayuth was nominated in a legislature chosen by the junta and consisting mostly military and police figures. The general was the head of the army when he led a coup in May 2014. The coupled to the ouster of Yingluck Shinawatra’s civilian government.

14) Guru Hanuman Akhara, a wrestling academy based in Delhi, has been chosen forRashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar (RKPP) for year 2014. As per Sports Ministry, Guru Hanuman Akhara has been chosen for ‘establishment and management of sports academies of excellence.’ President Pranab Mukherjee will honor the RKPP awardees along with Arjuna, Dronacharya and Dhyan Chand award winners at the National Sports Awards function in Delhi on August 29, 2014.

15) India’s’s first indigenously-built stealth anti-submarine warfare INS Kamorta was commissioned into Indian Navy by Defence Minister Arun Jaitley at naval dockyard in Vishakhapatnam.

16) An Indian-origin graduate student known as Dheeraj Pasham has discovered and measured one of the most elusive and mysterious objects in the Universe — a middling-sized black hole

17) The managing committee of Indian Bank’s Association (IBA) as its Chairman has elected Mr. T M Bhasin, CMD, Indian Bank, for the year 2014-15.

18) On behalf of IBA, Mr Bhasin, will be associated with “Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana” Mission, headed by Union Finance Minister.

19) 16-year old Max Verstappen is set to create history by becoming the youngest ever Formula One (F1) driver next season after Toro Rosso announced that the youngster will replace Jean-Éric Vergne. Verstappen is a Dutch and is son of the former F1 driver Jos.

20) Athletics Federation of India (AFI) President Adille Sumariwala has been appointed the Chef-de-Mission of the Indian contingent for next month’s Asian Games at Incheon, South Korea.

21) Prof. Kuruppassery Varkey Thomas has been appointed as Chairman of Public Accounts Committee (PAC). Thomas is the senior Congress Parliamentarian from Ernakulum Constituency, Kerala. The position was previously held by BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi and had chairman of PAC for four consecutive years during 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014).

22) Rajni Razdan (64) assumed charge as new chairman of Union Public Service Commission, which conducts the prestigious civil services examination to select IAS, IFS and IPS officers among others. Outgoing chairperson D P Agrawal administered Razdan the oath as UPSC chief.

23) PM Narendra Modi in his maiden Independence Day speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort, announced a new financial scheme named ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana’ to help the poor open bank accounts which will come bundled with a debit card and life insurance cover.

24) Justice R Banumathi has become the first woman judge from Tamil Nadu to be elevated to the Supreme Court.

25) Indian Institute of Management Calcutta has become the first IIM to achieve the AACSB accreditation in business programme, giving a global recognition it its students and helping it to attract more foreign faculty to its campus.

26) In order to strengthen financial inclusion, World Bank’s arm International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Airtel Zambia has signed an agreement to increase access to mobile financial services in that nation. The agreement is valued at $1 million.

27) ICICI Bank, the country’s largest private sector lender, has introduced an equated monthly installment (EMI) option for its customers on debit card purchases.

28) A forensic audit has been ordered by the Finance Ministry on Dena Bank and Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC) following reports of misappropriation of funds to the tune of Rs.436 crore from fixed deposits received from customers.

29) Thailand’s coup leader General Prayuth Chan-ocha was appointed prime minister on 21st August.

30) India successfully conducted trials of its indigenously developed surface-to-air ‘Akash’ missile, which has a strike range of 25 kms, as part of a user trial by the Air Force from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.

Current Affairs – July 2014

1) To serve the tech-savvy customers, SBI opened 6 digital branches across India. sbiINTOUCH is the name given to these banks. These sbiINTOUCH branches will include instant account opening with personalised debit cards, instant loan approvals for education, car and home and remote expert advisors available via video links.

2) Astronomers have discovered a transiting exoplanet with the longest known year – circling its star once every 704 days. In comparison to the planet named Kepler-421b, Mars orbits our Sun once every 780 days.

3) Bor Wild Life Sanctuary was notified as the 47th Tiger Reserve Forest of India and 6th of Maharashtra.

4) INS Sahyadri is an indigenously built guided missile stealth Frigate. It is taking part in RIMPAC 2014, a naval exercise in which 23 countries from the world over are participating.

5) The Indian Navy has got its largest-ever destroyer after the addition of the 163 metre-long vessel Kolkata (D63) to its arsenal. Kolkata (D63) is India’s first domestically built guided missile destroyer to feature a Western-style air search radar and stealth technology.

6) United States has named a mountain in Antarctica in honor of an eminent Indian-American scientist Akhouri Sinha, whose pioneering biological research expedition has provided critical data about animal populations.

7) NASA and Boeing have inked a USD 2.8 billion deal to develop a giant rocket which is set to be the largest and most powerful ever built, paving the way for manned missions to Mars.

8) London 2012 silver medalist Vijay Kumar will be the Indian flag-bearer at the opening ceremony of the 20th Commonwealth Games. Vijay Kumar was the best shooter at the London Olympics, winning silver in the rapid-fire pistol event.

9) The 2014 Commonwealth Games (officially the XX Commonwealth Games) will be held in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014.

10) Ishant Sharma has become the first Indian fast bowler to take seven wickets in the fourth innings in Tests. Javagal Srinath had taken 6 for 21 vs South Africa at Ahmedabad in 1996-97.

11) Germany won FIFA world cup, in the final Germany defeated Netherlands. Final match was played in Rio de Janeiro. Hosted by Brazil.

12) Novak Djokovic won in Wimbledon final defeating Roger Federer. In women’s category Petra Kvtova won the title.

13) India and Canada has signed an India-Canada Audiovisual Co-production Treaty with an aim to create jobs in both countries and boost tourism. This audiovisual treaty is the first of its kind for India and signed in Delhi. The treaty came into force on 1 July 2014 but the announcement was made on 9 July 2014.

14) Leading domestic drug makers Lupin, Unichem and Matrix Labs (now part of Mylan) have come under the scanner of the European Commission for curbing entry of the low-cost generic version of cardiovascular medicine Perindopril in the European Union (EU).

15) The verdict on the dispute regarding the delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Bangladesh was delivered on 7th June, with a United Nations tribunal awarding Bangladesh 19,467 sq. km of the 25,602 sq. km sea area of the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmood Ali announced the content of the verdict of the long-standing dispute.

16) Dubai has unveiled plans to build the world’s first temperature-controlled city Mall of the World, an ambitious project spread over an area of 48 million sq ft, to attract tourists even during the scorching summer months.

17) President Mahinda Rajapaksa on July 17, directed a Commission of Inquiry appointed by him to probe the roles of Sri Lankan army and the rebel Tigers, during the nearly 30 year war, for alleged violation of international humanitarian law.

18) SS Mundra has taken charge as deputy governor of Reserve Bank of India. As a deputy governor of the central bank, he will be responsible for banking supervision, currency management, financial stability and rural credit. Now, RBI has four deputy governors– H R Khan, Urijit Patel, R Gandhi and S S Mundra.

19) The average life expectancy of Japanese women increased to 86.61 years in 2013 up from 86.41 years.

20) General Dalbir Singh Suhagtook charge as the new Chief of the Army Staff of 1.3 million strong Indian army. He succeeded out going General Bikram Singh whose tenure ended.

21) An autobiography of the Former External Affairs Minister and veteran Congress Party leader Natwar Singh was released. The Book titled “One Life Not Enough” was penned by kunwar Natwar Singh.

22) Dipa Karmakar (20) scripted history as she clinched bronze in the vault event in the Commonwealth Games 2014 at Glasgow, Scotland, by becoming the first Indian woman gymnast and second person of the country to win a medal at the Commonwealth Games.

23) The new Narendra Modi led government has taken up the task of comprehensive Financial Inclusion . It is projected to be achieved by August 2018 with basic banking accounts for everyone by August 2015. Comprehensive Financial Inclusion intends to make banking services accessible to every household in the country.

24) The world’s first malaria vaccine– RTS,S created by pharma company GSK, is expected to hit the markets by 2015. GSK has submitted a regulatory application to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for its malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S.

25) Theodore VanKirk (93), also known as “Dutch,” who was the last surviving member of the crew that jettisoned an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, bringing an end of World War II and forcing the world into the atomic age, passed away in Georgia.

26) A new web platform –www.mygov.nic.in- launched by PM Narendra Modi will now make it much easier for the common man and experts from different fields to reach out to the government with their ideas and suggestions.

27) The President of India appointed veteran BJP leader and Rajya Sabha member Kaptan Singh Solanki (75) as the Governor of Haryana in place of Jagannath Pahadia whose tenure is over.

28) Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan (71) has been appointed as the horticulture ambassador of the state of Maharashtra. Big B, who is also the brand ambassador of Gujarat Tourism, would be promoting the horticulture sector in Maharashtra.

29) Researchers have found a new species of ‘May Fly‘ in the southern Western Ghats of India.

30) Prime Minister Narendra Modi has introduced the concept of “zero hour” at Cabinet meetings. The “zero hour” will be the free-wheeling discussions where ministers can bring up any issue they feel relevant for the Cabinet’s informal consideration.

31) A new scheme named ‘Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojna’ for holistic development of tribals has been launched by the government. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs launched the scheme for holistic development of tribal people and Rs 100 crore has been allocated for the scheme during the year 2014-15.

32) President Pranab Mukherjee presented Gandhi Peace Prize for 2013 to noted environmentalist and pioneer of the Chipko movement Chandi Prasad Bhatt for his contribution towards the environment and society through Gandhian philosophy.

33) Former Speaker of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and five-time MLA Keshari Nath Tripathi was sworn-in as the Governor of West Bengal. Tripathi, was administered the oath of office by the acting Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court Asim Kumar Banerjee in the presence of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.

34) Former Rajya Sabha member and veteran leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Mr. Om Prakash Kohli was sworn in as Gujarat Governor. Mr. Kohli’s appointment follows the unceremonious exit of former Gujarat Governor Kamla Beniwal.

35) Sim Bhullar (21) has become the first player of Indian origin to join the National Basketball Association (NBA) after he inked a summer contract with the Sacramento Kings, a professional basketball team in the US.

36) Margaret Alva, the current Governor of Rajasthan, was sworn-in as the Governor of Goa. She was administered oath of office by Chief Justice of Bombay high court Mohit Shah.

37) India’s largest software services exporter, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) became the first Indian company to achieve a market capitalization of Rs 5 lakh crore.

38) The Council of Representatives of Iraq (Iraqi Parliament) in Baghdad elected Muhammad Fuad Masum of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) party as the seventh President of Iraq.

39) A super typhoon named Neoguri was advancing north for Japan on July 7, 2014, set to lash the southern Okinawa archipelagoes with heavy rain and powerful winds before making landfall on Kyushu, Japan’s westernmost main island.

40) The flagship carrier of the East African nation of Ethiopia has named its newest Boeing 787 Dreamliner after India’s most famous monument- the “Taj Mahal”. This is the first time an airline has named an aircraft of its Dreamliner fleet after a historical or heritage site outside of Africa.

41) Contrary to the efforts across the globe to curb child labour, Bolivia has become the first nation to legalize it from age 10. Country’s Congress approved the legislation, and Vice-President Alvaro Garcia inked it into law in the absence of President Evo Morales.

42) The 7th IBSA (India-Brazil-South Africa) Summit of 2015 will be hosted by India. The same was announced after a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South African President Jacob Zuma in Brazil.

43) The World Population Day was observed across the world on July 11. The theme for year 2014 is “Invest in Young People today, to ensure a Bright Future“.

44) Famous British actress, Emma Watson, has been appointed as the Goodwill Ambassador of UN Women – the United Nation’s organization devoted to gender equality and the empowerment of women.

45) CII-ITC Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Development along with US based the Green Electronics Council launched Indian debut of the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) environmental-rating system for electronics.

Current Affairs – June 2014

1) Keil Institute, the international centre for research in global economic affairs, economic policy consulting and education, awarded “2014 Global Economy Prize” for business  to Kiran Mazundar-Shaw, Managing Director of Biocon Ltd.

2) Baileys prize, earlier known as Orange Prize is the UK’s only annual book award for fiction written by a woman. For the year 2014 Eimear McBride an Irish Novelist for the book “A Girl is a Half-formed Thing” got the award. The awards ceremony took place in UK on 4 June.

3) Somasundaram, member of ANS (Air Navigation Services) awarded with the prestigious Bharat Ratna JRD Tata award instituted by ASI (Aeronautical Society of India) for the year 2013.

4) Mr. Kalraj Mishra, Union Minister for MSMEs on June 16 launched the “Online Finance Facilitation Centre”, an initiative of CII to facilitate access to finance and credit for SMEs.

5) The World Bank released Global Economic Prospects (GEP) Report on June 11, 2014 and revised downwards he economic growth forecast for developing world in 2014 to 4.8 percent from 5.3 percent estimated in January 2014. GDP of India lowered to 5.5 percent from 5.7 percent for FY 2014-15, accelerating to 6.3 percent in 2015-16.

6) Vishal Sikka was appointed as Chief Executive Officer(CEO) of Infosys on 11th June 2014. He will succeed the current CEO and MD S.D. Shbulal.

7) The Government of India, World Bank and The Government of Himachal Pradesh has been signed a credit agreement on June 11 for World Bank DPL Loan of US$ 100 million to promote Inclusive Growth and sustainable Development.

8) To develop the capacity of Indian Companies for effective implementation of the CSR Rules laid down as per Section 135 of the companies Act 2013, Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs and Grant Thornton India LLP a MoU

9) To enhance the operational Cooperation and to validate capabilities the Indian Air Force & French Air Force Commenced the fifth bilateral Air exercise “Ex Garuda V” at Jodhpur Base on June 2 which is scheduled from June 2 to June 13.

10) The United Nations conducted the first United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) in the Kenyan capital Nairobi on 24 June. The main motto of meeting is to take up challenges from poaching to marine pollution and boosting the ‘Green economy’.

11) World Heritage Committee inscribed the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (GHNPCA) located in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, India on the World Heritage List on June 23. Around 25 threatened IUCN Red-Listed plant Species recorded from the park.

12) Institute for Economics and Peace released Global Peace Index (GPI) 2014 in London June 18, 2014. Out of 162 countries, Syria became the world’s least peace full and Ice Land stood First followed by Denmark, Austria, New Zealand, and Switzerland. India ranks 143 in the list.

13) Lithuania is going to adopt the Euro on 1 January 2015. Lithuania will become the 19th member of the euro zone out of 28 countries in the European Union, and the last of the Baltic States to join.

14) The General Assembly of UNO on June 6 established the “United Nations Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize” as a tribute to the achievements and contributions of the late South African leader who inspired not only his own country but the rest of the world.

15) On June 11, United Nations General Assembly elected Sam Kahamba Kutesa Minister of Foreign Affairs, Uganda as president for its upcoming 69th session president.

16) The Parliament of Israel elected 74-year old Reuven Rivilin as president of Israel on June 10.

17) On 7 June, Nepal decided to shift the venue of 18th SAARC summit in November from its famous tourist destination Pokhara to Kathmandu due to lack of infrastructure.

18) With support of western nations, Petro Poroshenko took the oath as Ukraine’s president on June 7.

19) Quebec province of Canada on 5 June 2014 adopted legislation of Right-to-Die. It allows terminally ill patients to kill themselves with a doctor’s help.

20) On 1 June 2014, Salvador Sanchez Ceren who belongs to Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front party (FMLN) took the oath as the President of El Salvador.

21) UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on 6 June nominated Jordan’s envoy Prince Zeid Ra’ad Zeid Al-Hussein as the new High Commissioner for Human Rights. He was replaced Indian-origin Ms. Navi Pillay.

22) The Defence Minister Mr. Arun Jaitley on 27 June laid the foundation stone for HQ Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) Building Complex at Mehramnagar, Delhi Cantonment Area.

23) Prithviraj Chavan led Maharashtra government on 25 June approved the proposal to provide 16% reservation for backward Marathas and 5 per cent for Muslims in education and government jobs.

24) The Delhi Government on 16th June announced that the national capital has become the first ‘Kerosene-Free City’ in the country. The scheme was launched in 2012 in collaboration with three Oil Marketing Companies and Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas for which Delhi Government had incurred an expenditure of Rs 62 crore.

25) The Government on 19 June reconstituted six Committees of the Cabinet – Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Cabinet Committee on Accommodation, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs and Cabinet Committee on Security.

26) The Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on 14th June dedicated the ultra-modern aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya to the Navy, off the coast of Goa.INS Vikramaditya has been acquired from Russia for over Rs. 15,000 crore.

27) India on 13th June joined a select group of 17 countries who are permanent signatories of the Washington Accord (WA). It will be a major boost to technical education & engineering programs in India.

28) Sumitra Mahajan was unanimously elected as Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha on 6 June 2014. She replaced Meera Kumar and became the second women presiding officer of the Lok Sabha.

29) India on 4 June elected to the Inter governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage for the next 4 years (2014-2018). The election was held at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris by the General Assembly of the States

30) K Chandrasekhar Rao of TRS Party took oath of office on 2nd June as the first chief minister of Telangana. It was the India’s 29th state, created on 2 June by bifurcating Andhra Pradesh.

31) Telugu Desam Party chief N. Chandrababu Naidu was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Andhra Pradesh on 8th June in a ceremony held at the grounds opposite Acharaya Nagarjuna University in Guntur.

32) David Bergvinson will be the next director general of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).

33) Jean-Claude Juncker has been named as the next president of the European Commission.

34) Singapore President Tony Tan Keng Yam on 25 June appointed Justice V K Rajah as the eighth Attorney-General of Singapore.The President also appointed Justice Rajah as a Member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights for a term of three years.

35) Rajeev Topno was appointed as Private Secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Appointment Committee of Cabinet (ACC) approved the name of Topno on 18th June 2014.

36) Kathleen Stephens on 6 June 2014 took charge as US interim Ambassador to India. Stephens is replacing the former US Ambassador Nancy Powell.

37) Senior Supreme Court advocate Ranjit Kumar on 7th June appointed as the Solicitor General. He is expert on Constitutional laws.

38) Kodela Siva Prasada Rao of Telugu Desam Party, elected as the first Assembly speaker of Andhra Pradesh after bifurcation on 20 June 2014.

39) A giant Major Atmospheric Cherenkov Experiment (MACE) Gamma- Ray Telescope, which weighs approximately 180 tones, designed, developed and manufactured by ECIL, Hyderabad for Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, has undergone all the field trails successfully.

40) Indian origin scientist Rasik Ravindra on 13th June elected as member of the UN’s body that centres on Oceans and Law of the Sea – UNCLCS. Ravindra was India’s candidate for member of the Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf (CLCS).

41) Indian ace shuttler Saina Nehwal on 29 June won her second title of the season, winning the $750,000 Star Australian Super Series.

42) Indian cueist Pankaj Advani on 29th June created history by becoming the first player in the world to win world titles in the long and shorter formats of both billiards and snooker by winning the IBSF World 6-Red snooker Championship.

43) Jitu Rai of India on 11th June 2014 won Silver Medal in men’s 10-meter air pistol event at the ISSF World Cup Shooting in Munich.

44) Indian wrestlers Yogeshwar Dutt and Sushil Kumar on 1 June 2014 won Gold and Silver respectively at the International wrestling tournament held in Sassari city of Italy.

45) Maria Sharapova of Russia Women’s Single and Rafael Nadel Of Spain won the Men’s single title in French Open Series.

46) June 25 was observed as World Vitiligo Day across the world. The day specifically focuses people with vitiligo disease.

Current Affairs – May 2014

1) Air India announced to join largest global airlines network Star Alliance in July 2014. Air India became the first airline from India to be part of a global chain of carriers.

2) World Press Freedom Day was observed on 3 May 2014 across the world. The theme of 2014 year is: Media Freedom for a Better Future: Shaping the post-2015 Development Agenda.

3) Prime Minister of Slovenia, Alenka Bratusek resigned on 5 May 2014 and urged for early elections in the country. She resigned as Prime Minister after losing the leadership of her Positive Slovenia party to Mayor Zoran Jankovic of Ljublijana.

4) Waqar Younis, the former fast bowler of Pakistan was appointed as the national coach of the national cricket team of Pakistan for a period of two years.

5) Supreme Court of India banned use of bulls for Jallikattu (bull-fighting) events or bullock-cart races across the country.  The court in its verdict said that even bulls have rights against torture and hoped that the parliament would elevate the rights of animals to that of constitutional rights. In its observation the bench said that an animal also has honour and dignity and cannot be arbitrarily deprived of its rights.

6) Virat Kohli was ranked no 1 in ICC list of One Day International (ODI) rankings released in Dubai on 4 May 2014. He remained on the top rank in batsmen list with 881 points and is followed by the AB de Villiers with 872 points.

7) A book entitled A Stamp is Born authored by C. R. Pakrashi was released by Vice President of India, M Hamid Ansari. The book gives a graphic account of history and evolution of postage stamps.

8) Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued the guidelines to allow the minors of age above 10 years to independently open and operate savings bank accounts and use other facilities like ATM and cheque books.

9) Nedurumilli Janardhan Reddy, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh died in Hyderabad on 9 May 2014. Till his death, Reddy was a sitting Rajya Sabha member from Andhra Pradesh. He  was elected to Rajya Sabha in 2009.

10) Ronnie O’Sullivan was crowned World Snooker’s Player of the Year at the sport’s annual awards ceremony in London. Apart from this, O’Sullivan was also handed the Fans Player of the Year award after being voted by snooker supporters.

11) A documentary film, Silent Screams – India’s Fight Against Rape directed by Pria Somiah won three awards at the 2014 New York Festivals International TV and Film Awards.

12) The Tel Aviv District Court of Israel sentenced former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert to six years in prison for corrupt practices in real estate projects.

13) The World’s first Electric plane named E-Fan successfully completed its first flight. The first flight was carried in Bordeaux, France. E-Fan was manufactured by the Toulouse-based Airbus.

14) International Nurses Day was observed across the world on 12 May 2014. The day is observed every year on the 12 May on anniversary of birth of Florence Nightingale’s birth. The day is observed to mark contributions of nurses towards people’s health. 

15) Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India on 12 May 2014 gave his assent to the Whistleblowers Protection Bill 2011. With this assent, the Whistleblowers Bill, 2011 became Whistleblowers Protection Act, 2011. The Bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 11 December 2011 and by Rajya Sabha on 21 February 2014.

16) India will become the world’s third largest oil consumer by 2025 according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its annual Energy Outlook on 7 May 2014. At present, India is the fourth largest oil consumer in the world behind the US, China and Japan.

17) Ashwin B. Pandya was appointed as the Chairman of the Central Water Commission & ex-officio Secretary of the Government of India. 

18) MTS announced that it will provide free Wi-Fi in Gurgaon Rapid Metro Rail for six months. The service will be experienced by 30000 daily commuters. This service will enable commuters to access fast and consistent data speeds of up to 9.8mbps on MTS’ 3G plus network.

19) The Supreme Court judge Justice JS Khehar who was hearing the case of the Sahara Chief Subrata Roy in chit fund scam recused himself from hearing the case further. Now the hearing will be preceded by a newly constituted bench of Supreme Court.

20) Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) Chairman Chakravarthi Rangarajan resigned on 19 May 2014. He sent his resignation to the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. He resigned following the defeat of the Congress-led UPA in the general elections 2014. Since the term of the PMEAC was parallel to that of the Prime Minister, hence with the resignation of the PM Manmohan Singh on 17 May 2014, the PMEAC also needs to resign.

21) Sir Jack Brabham, the three-time Formula One world champion died on 19 May 2014 at his home in Australia after a long illness. He won the F-1 titles in 1959, 1960 and 1966. In 1966, he won the F-1 title in his own car named Brabham, which was built by him.

22) President of India, Pranab Mukherjee on 18 May 2014 dissolved the 15th Lok Sabha. He dissolved the Lok Sabha on the advice of the outgoing Union Cabinet led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who resigned on 17 May 2014. The dissolution of the Lower House of the Parliament will pave the way for the formation of the new government.

23) Nabam Tuki was sworn-in as the eighth (seventh as person) Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh at the Raj Bhavan in Itanagar. This is second consecutive term for the veteran congress leader. His oath to the office and secrecy was administered by the Governor Lt. Gen. (Retd) Nirbhay Sharma. 

24) Nitish Kumar, the Chief Minister of Bihar resigned from his office. He tendered his resignation to the Governor of Bihar Dnyandeo Yashwantrao Patil after his party Janata Dal United was able to win only two seats of the 40 in the 16th Lok Sabha elections.

25) Naveen Patnaik was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Odisha for fourth consecutive term. 

26) Pawan Chamling was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Sikkim for a record fifth consecutive time. 

27) Montek Singh Ahluwalia, the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission of India resigned from his office. He submitted his resignation to the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh. All members of the Planning Commission submit their resignation to the Prime Minister who is also the Chairman of the Planning Commission. Since the term of the Commission is co-terminus with the Union Government term, hence all the members of Planning Commission resign as the term of the Union Government ends. 

28) Jitan Ram Manjhi was sworn-in as the new Chief Minister of Bihar 

29) Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India appointed Narendra Modi as the Prime Minister of India. Narendra Modi, the leader of the BJP Parliamentary Party will take a formal oath of the office on 26 May 2014 at Rashtrapati Bhawan. His oath will be administered by the President. Narendra Modi is the first Prime Minister of India who has born in Independent India. 

30) Floating hotel named, AB Celestial, unveiled in Mumbai on 22 May 2014. It will be docked at Bandra under the iconic Bandra-Worli Sea Link. It will provide a 360-degree view of the city of Mumbai and the Sea Link. It will be open to public from August 2014.

31) Anti-Terrorism Day observed Across India on 21 May 2014. The day is celebrated as 23rd Death Anniversary of former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi.

32) Reserve Bank of India (RBI) directed all banks to install disabled friendly new Automated Teller Machines (ATMs). All the new ATMs that are to be installed after 1 July 2014 needs to provide audible instructions and Braille keypads to customers.

33) Anandiben Patel was sworn-in as the first woman Chief Minister of Gujarat. Kamla Beniwal, the Governor of Gujarat administered her oath to the office.

34) Spain suspended the 12th bull fight festival (called San Isidro festival in Spain) after matadors got injured by bulls.

35) Indian-American student Akhil Rekulapelli won the National Geographic Bee championship in Washington, USA.

36) Ahmed Maitiq was sworn-in as the new Prime Minister of Libiya.

37) Sushma Swaraj became the first woman External Affairs Minister of India. She was also been given the charge of Overseas Indian Affairs. Although, Indira Gandhi held the post of Union External Affairs Minister prior to Sushma Swaraj, but it was in addition to the post of Prime Minister which she held in 1967 and 1984.

38) China won Uber Cup 2014 of badminton.  China team defeated the Japan team 3-1 in the final held at Siri Fort Complex in New Delhi.  

39) TR Zeliang was sworn-in as the new Chief Minister (CM) of Nagaland.

40) Sachin Tendulkar was selected as the goodwill ambassador of 35th National Games that is scheduled to be held in Kerala from January-February 2015. The games will be held in seven cities of the state. 

41) Mauritius decided to provide automatic tax information exchange to India. The decision was announced by the Prime Minister of Mauritius Navin Ramgoolam after his meeting with Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi. 

42) State Government of Maharashtra decided to add a chapter on the cricket legend, Sachin Tendulkar in the school syllabus. The chapter on the iconic cricketer Sachin was added to inspire the children. The chapter on Sachin has been included in Marathi and English subject textbooks. The students of Maharashtra will learn about the iconic cricketer in Class IV as part of their curriculum from academic year 2014-15.

43) Hindustan Motors halted the production of India’s iconic car Ambassador. The Ambassador was the first car to be made in India. Hindustan Motors suspended work at its Uttarpara plant outside of Kolkata because of weak demand, very low productivity, growing indiscipline, large liabilities and lack of funds.

44) Japanese national, Hiroshi Naka was appointed as the Vice President and Auditor General of World Bank. The appointment was announced by the World Bank President Jim Yong Kim.

45) Mukul Rohatgi was appointed as the 14th Attorney-General of India. He will succeed Gulam Vahanvati.  

46) Nripendra Misra, a retired IAS officer and former Chairman of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was appointed as the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.

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Current Affairs – April 2014

1) Nancy Powell, the US Ambassador to India  announced her resignation in the US Mission Town Hall meeting. The resignation was submitted to Barack Obama, the President of US.

2) An Indian- American Cardiologist, Dr. Sumit Chugh along with one more researcher has been chosen for the Prestigious Simon Dack Award for Outstanding Scholarship. This award will be given to him in recognition of his contributions to the organisation’s peer-reviewed medical journals.

3) Myanmar started its first official census in 30 years. The census has been facilitated by United Nations Population Fund along with its donors, who have contributed 65 million US dollar. During the process of the process, the representatives will draw out information like childbirth and employment rates as well as migration figures. The last census was conducted in the country in 1983.

4) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI)  granted in-principle approvals to IDFC Ltd and Bandhan Financial Services Pvt. Ltd to start new banks in India. These approvals have been granted under the guidelines on licensing of new banks in the private sector. The two have been granted the permission to set-up banks from a field of 25 aspirants. The approvals would be valid for a period of 18 months and within this period these firms will have to comply with the rules stipulated by the RBI.

5) The World Autism Awareness Day 2014 was celebrated across the world on 2 April 2014. This was the seventh World Autism Day. The day is celebrated to raise fund and to create awareness about autism.

6) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its first bi-monthly monetary policy statement for 2014-15 directed banks not to impose financial penalty on the consumers in case of non-maintenance of minimum balance in their saving accounts. RBI suggested that instead of financial penalty, banks can limit services available to those saving accounts who fail to maintain minimum balance and restore the services once the minimum balance is maintained.

7) Dhole -The Asiatic Wild Dog was spotted for the first time in the Jaldapara National Park (West Bengal). Usually they are found throughout in south of River Ganges, southern part of Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, Central India Highlands, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya.

8) President Francois Hollande  appointed Interior Minister Manuel Valls as next prime minister of France.

9) Qatar based Doha Bank announced that it will be opening its first branch at Nariman Point in Mumbai in India. The branch in Mumbai will be opened as a full-fledged bank in May 2014.Initially, branch will offer retail and corporate banking solutions with emphasis on off-branch banking.

10) Europe  launched a satellite named Sentinel-1A, designed to monitor Earth for climate change and environmental damage and help disaster relief operations.

11) Amazon launched an internet-connected TV set-top box or video streaming device called Fire TV.  It costs 99 dollars and it is used for gaming. It will allow consumers to stream content from Amazon’s library, as well other video-on-demand services, directly to their TVs.

12) Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) recieved the Most Efficient Navratna  Award for the year 2013.

13) The Indian Cricket Team was ranked as number one team in recently released International Cricket Council (ICC) T20 rankings. It replaced Sri Lanka from the number one position.

14) The Reserve Bank of India on 1 April 2014 adopted the Consumer Price Index (CPI) as the key measure of Inflation. It was adopted in the first bi-monthly monetary policy statement for 2014-15. Till now the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was using Wholesale Price Index (WPI) to gauge and measure indicative inflation projections.

15) Election Commission (EC) confirmed Amir Khan as its national icon for the Lok Sabha elections 2014.  The EC recorded a video and audio campaign which shows Amir Khan urging people to vote ethically.

16) World Health Day 2014 was observed across the world on 7 April 2014. The day provides an opportunity for individuals to get involved in activities that can lead to better health. The theme for World Health Day 2014 is vector borne diseases.

17) Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd  announced to acquire troubled Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. Sun Pharma will acquire 100 percent of Ranbaxy in an all stock deal for 3.2 billion dollars.

18) Archaeologists in the first week of April 2014 discovered a 3500-year-old inscription on a stone block in Egypt and claimed that it is the oldest weather report of the world. The discovery has been named as Tempest Stela.

19) Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Anja Niedringhaus on 4 April 2014 shot dead by a policeman in Afghanistan. She was killed while covering the 2014 presidential election in Afghanistan.

20) MS Dhoni, the captain of Indian cricket team on 4 April 2014 won the United Kingdom’s 2014 Asian Award for outstanding achievement in Sports.

21) A documentary entitled Gulabi Gang will be screened at the 14th New York Indian Film Festival. The documentary is based on the life of an activist Sampat Devi.

22) Viktor Orban was re-elected as Prime Minister of Hungary for the second consecutive four-year term.

23) Itanagar, the capital city of Arunachal Pradesh on 7 April 2014 received its first passenger train. With this Itanagar became the second state capital after Guwahati among the seven sister north-eastern states plus Sikkim to be placed on the railway map of India.

24) President of India appointed Justice Rajendra Mal Lodha as Next Chief Justice of India. He will be the 41st Chief Justice of India. He will succeed Justice P. Sathasivam.

25) The Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting announced on 12 April 2014 that legendary poet and film lyricist Gulzar was selected for the Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2013. He is the 45th winner of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award.

26) A memoir entitled the ‘The Accidental Prime Minister: the making and unmaking of Manmohan Singh’ authored by Sanjaya Baru was released on 11 April 2014. The book has highlighted the difference between the good governance and bad governance by comparing UPA regime under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and NDA regime under Atal Viharee Vajpayee.

27) Cadbury India Limited announced to change its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited.  Cadbury India Limited is a subsidiary of Mondelez International Inc.  

28) A new software app Sandesh Pathak was developed to help the illiterate farmers. The app uses text-to-speech method to help the farmers. This application has been jointly developed by C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram , C-DAC Mumbai, IIT Kharagpur, IIT-Madras and  IIIT Hyderabad.

29) Admiral Robin K Dhowan took over as the 22nd Chief of Indian Navy. He is a successor of Admiral DK Joshi, who resigned on 26 February 2014 taking moral responsibility of the accident on INS Sindhuratna in Mumbai. Joshi was the first Defence forces Chief to resign, since independence.

30) Vijay Seshadri won the prestigious 2014 Pulitzer Prizein the poetry category for his collection of poems entitled 3 Sections published in 2013. 

31) President of India approved the name of Justice G Rohini (58) for appointment as the Next Chief Justice of Delhi High Court. With this approval, she will become the first women Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 

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Current Affairs – March 2014

1) Union Government of India raised the number of workdays under MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005) from 100 days to 150 days. This hike in the workdays will benefit 14 lakh families in India and the decision Union Cabinet will come into effect from April 2014.

2) The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee signed the proclamation to impose President Rule in Andhra Pradesh. He also signed the Telangana bill on 1 March 2014.
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Kiran Kumar Reddy resigned on 19 February 2014 over Telangana issue. Governor E S L Narasimhan recommended President Rule in the Andhra Pradesh State after the resignation of Chief Minister.

3) Jaswant Singh, former minister in the NDA government released a book entitled India at Risk – Mistakes, Misconceptions and Misadventures of security policy.In his book, he had discussed the issues, the conflicts and the consequences of the security related policy of India.

4) Bill Gates, Microsoft Co-founder is the World’s top richest Billionaire with worth of 76 billion dollars according to Forbes magazine’s 28th Annual World billionaires list. Gates is back on the top rank after four years, reclaiming the title from the telecom mogul Carlos Slim Helu of Mexico (2nd), who ranked 1 for the past four years.

5) Assam on 4 March 2014 became the first state in India to observe State Child Protection Day. A central function was organized with the support of Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) in collaboration with United Nations Children‘s Fund (UNICEF).

6) Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi on 4 March 2014 was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar, a former Delhi Police Commissioner who took over as the governor of Kerala in March 2013.

7) International Women Day was observed across the world on 8 March 2014. United Nation celebrated the 2014 Women day with the theme Equality for Women is Progress for all. International women’s day is also called Working women’s day.

8) Malaysian Airlines flight MH370 operating a Boeing 777-200ER aircraft on 8 March 2014 vanished from the radar screens over the South China Sea with 239 people on board. The plane when disappeared was heading towards Beijing from Kuala Lumpur. After massive search operations, the Malaysian Government stated that the flight ended in remote area of south Indian ocean with no survivals.

9) Nokia launched its first Android phone named Nokia X in India on 10 March 2014. Nokia X is a unique combination of Nokia quality and experiences, Microsoft services and Android apps.

10) Nagaland and Assam became the first two states to be issued with Plastic Photo Identity Card for elections in India. The voters of Nagaland and Assam will be using the cards for the first time in the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. The Election commission decided to provide plastic Electors Photo Identity Card (EPIC) instead of laminated paper card to voters in India to avoid duplication and forgery.

11) Michelle Bachelet was sworn-in as the President of Chile in Valparaiso.

12) Sachin Tendulkar was voted as the Cricketer of the Generation by a 50-member jury that comprised current and former cricketers and journalists. To win the award, Sachin defeated his competitors spin legend Shane Warne and all-rounder Jacques Kallis.

13) Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died on 20 March 2014 at the age of 99 at his home in Sujan Singh Park in Delhi. He also was a lawyer, who turned to be a diplomat followed by being a writer.

14) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued notice to banks to take measures to counter the threat expected to arise from discontinuation of Windows XP from 8 April 2014. The withdrawal of Windows XP means that no updates and patches for bugs will be issued by the Microsoft. As a result, the banking system of India largely running on Windows XP may become vulnerable to viruses and other cyber attacks.

15) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) extended the timeline for full implementation of the Basel III capital regulations by a year. Now the banks are required to comply with the Basel III norms by 31 March 2019 instead of 31 March 2018.
Some extended time was necessitated for banks to raise capital within the internationally agreed timeline for full implementation of the Basel III capital regulations.

16) The World Health Organisation (WHO) certified India as a Polio Free country. This action of WHO made India one of the 11 countries of South-East Region to be free from polio virus.

17) SEBI announced to release the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) compliance norms in the fiscal year 2014-15. The FATCA compliance norms will help combat possible tax evasion by Americans through Indian entities.
FATCA is a law that aims to check and impose withholding tax on illicit activities of some wealthy individuals who use offshore accounts to evade millions of dollars in taxes.

18) Jammu and Kashmir became the first state in the country to declare all election booths as No Smoking Areas in Lok Sabha elections 2014

19) Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. He won the award for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters.

20) Ambar Srivastava of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi on 29 March 2014 developed the TrueHb Hemometer to test haemoglobin. The device of the size of a mobile phone is the first case of an innovation from biomedical engineering department of IIT-Delhi actually getting productized.
It will help identify and tackle anaemia effectively in India which has a very high prevalence of anaemia and the related maternal deaths from it.

21) Astronomers in fourth week of March 2014 discovered a miniature planet named Charkilo with two rings of ice and pebbles between Saturn and Uranus in theKuiper Belt. This is the first ever discovery of a celestial body with rings like giant planets Saturn and Jupiter

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Current Affairs – February 2014

1) World’s oldest flamingo known as Greater died at the age of 83 at Adelaide Zoo of Australia. Greater was brought to the zoo in 1933 and lived long with the Chilean flamingo named Chilly, who is in his 60s. Chilly is the only remaining flamingo in Australia. It is known that the lifespan of the flamingos is of about 25 years in the wild but they can live for many decades in captivity.

2) The 28th Surajkund International crafts Mela began at Surajkund in Faridabad on 1 February 2014. The fortnight long festival of craft will continue till 15 February 2014.The Goa is the theme state for the 28th Surajkund International Crafts Mela 2014.

3) India’s first monorail service was inaugurated by the Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj chavan on 1 February 2014 in Mumbai.The First phase of Mumbai Monorail is comprised of 8.9 km long stretch. Mumbai Mono rail will display itself in three colours green, pink and sky blue. Monorail will have a smart card facility available like Delhi Metro.

4) Rajasthan on 1 February 2014 scrapped its approval for the foreign direct investment in multi-brand retailing. With this decision of scrapping the approval over FDI made Rajasthan the second state after Delhi to withdraw approval for FDI in multi-brand retail. These two decisions of Delhi and Rajasthan came just after the change of government.

5) Former Supreme Court Justice, Ashok Kumar Mathur was appointed as the Chairman of the 7th Pay Commission.

6) United Nation appointed India based Vivek Lall as special advisor on cyber security. Vivek Lall will be responsible for steering the policy framework of the UN in the area of broadband and associated cyber security issues and oversee implementation.  Currently, he is the president and CEO of Reliance New Ventures Limited.

7) Manoj Vaish took charge as the Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (MCX). His appointment came following step down of Shreekant Javalgekar in October 2013 as the Managing Director and CEO of MCX following the 5600 crore rupees scam related to National Spot Exchange (NSEL). NSEL is a sister concern of MCX.

8)  The World Cancer Day 2014 was observed across the world on 4 February 2014 with its focus on Target 5 of the World Cancer Declaration: Reduce stigma and dispel myths about cancer, under the tagline Debunk the myths.
This day is observed to raise the collective voices for improving the general knowledge around cancer and dismiss the misconceptions about the disease.

9) Harish Rawat was appointed as the 8th Chief Minister of Uttarakhand on 1 February 2014. He succeeded Vijay Bahuguna.

10) Karnataka defeated Maharashtra by seven wickets to win the Ranji Trophy 2014 at Hyderabad.

11) Philip Seymour Hoffman, the Oscar-winning American actor died on 2 February 2014 at his flat in New York at the age of 46. As per the police of the country, the death happened due to overdose of drugs

12) Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour was conferred on cricket maestro Sachin Tendulkar (40) and eminent scientist Prof CNR Rao (79) by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. The awards were given at the Durban Hall of the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi on 4 February 2014.
With this felicitation, Sachin became the first sportsperson to be conferred with the honour of Bharat Ratna. He is also the youngest person alive to be conferred with the award.

13) First Paperless public Library of the World BiblioTech was opened in the USA State of Texas on 4 February 2014. The traditional libraries have been replaced with high-tech gadgets that cater to both adults and children.

14) North Korea and South Korea agreed to resume reunion of war split families after a gap of more than three years.  The reunion will take place on 20-25 February 2014 at Mount Kumgang resort of North Korea. The reunion is perceived as a small step towards making harmonious relations between the two hostile neighbours.

15) Dennis amputee, Aabo in February 2014 became the first person to receive a bionic hand, which allows life-like sensation to be felt from the device’s artificial fingers. The Dennis amputee was able to feel what was available in his hands by the sensors, which has been connected to his nerves of his upper arm.
This work was done by the Italy surgeons, who connected the hand with the nerves in his upper arm. These relayed signals direct to his brain, which allows him to control the force of his grip.

16) Machli, Queen Mother of tiger dynasty was found in the Ranthambhore National Park on 5 February 2014. The tigress was missing from 9 January 2014 from zone 5 of the park. The 17-year-old Machli is the longest living wild-tigress in the world, besides being the most photographed big cat. The tigress was identified as T-16.

17) John Thompson was appointed as the Chairman of Microsoft  by the Board of Directors at a meeting held in Washington, US. He succeeded Bill Gates.

18) Microsoft Founder Bill gates assumed the role of Founder & Technology Advisor to the CEO of Microsoft . With this he stepped down from the post of Chairman of Microsoft.

19) National Green Tribunal (NGT)  issued a ban on the process of burning of tyres at public places like roads and areas surrounded by residential buildings. The order was passed following the actions of burning tyres during the religious and political possessions by groups as it cause health hazard.

20) Kumar Sangakkara, the cricketer of Sri Lankan national team  became the second person in the history of Cricket to score a triple century and a century in the same test match. By performing the rare record, he joined Graham Gooch, the former skipper of England team.

21) Maruti Suzuki India Limited (MSIL) on 7 February 2014 announced that it has stopped the production of the iconic car brand Maruti 800 that had been carrier for millions of middle class Indian families.

22) The Scottish Parliament approved the Same Sex Marriage Bill . The Scotland became the 17th country to give the green signal to same sex marriages which was an important step for equal rights.

23) The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee was conferred Award of Honour  in New Delhi. The award was presented by Ron Burton, President of Rotary International at Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was awarded for the leadership he has provided and the India’s victory over Polio. Recently India completed three years without reporting any case of polio

24) R.K.Tiwari was appointed as the new chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).

25)  Sikkim became the first State in India to achieve 100 percent sanitation coverage under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan Scheme. Sikkim achieved 100 per cent sanitation in rural and urban households, schools, sanitary complexes and Aanganwadi centres.

26) N Ramachandran was elected President of Indian Olympic Association (IOA). He will remain in the office till 2016.

27) The South Central Railway (SCR) launched Hyderabad Live Train Enquiry System (HYLITES). It is the first of its kind in India developed by South Central Railway on out-sourcing basis.

28) Yulia Lipnitskaya became the youngest Russian athlete to win a gold medal at the Winter Olympics. Yulia, 15-years-old won this medal in Winter Olympics 2014 at Sochi, Russia on 9 February 2014 in free skating in the team figure skating competition.

29) The Parliament of Nepal elected Sushil Koirala as next Prime Minister of Nepal.

30) Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg became the youngest and the most generous philanthropist of America in 2013. He had given almost 1 billion dollar of his fortune to the charity. The charity was made to the Silicon Valley Community Foundation.

31) World Radio Day was celebrated across the globe on 13 February 2014. This is the third Radio Day being observed by the UNESCO to celebrate radio as a medium. The theme for World Radio Day 2014 is Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Radio. 

32) Assam became the first state to legally ban the consumption of all forms of smokeless tobacco including pan masala containing tobacco and nicotine within the State.

33) Arvind Kejriwal, the Chief Minister of Delhi resigned. He resigned following his government failure to muster the support over whether the Jan Lokpal Bill should be presented before the House or not.

34) President of India on 17 February 2014 imposed President’s Rule in Delhi after accepting the resignation of Arvind Kejriwal, the Chief Minister of Delhi.

35) The Telengana bill dividing Andhra Pradesh was passed in the Lok Sabha on 18 February 2014. The Lok Sabha passed the Andhra Pradesh Re-organisation Bill 2014 that aims to create the 29th State of  India. So, Telangana is the 29th state of India.

36) Social media giant Facebook Inc acquired WhatsApp for 19 billion dollars in a cash and stock deal on 19 February 2014. Whatsapp is a mobile messaging company.

37) Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister (CM), Kiran Kumar Reddy resigned from the post on 19 February 2014. He also quitted from the membership of the State Assembly and the Congress Party as a protest to the decision to bifurcate the Andhra Pradesh State.

38) Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013.

39) Whistleblower Protection Bill was passed by Union Legislature on 21 February 2014. The bill aims to provide a regular mechanism to encourage persons to disclose information on corruption or willful misuse of power by public servants and ministers.
The Whistleblower Bill will provide an adequate protection to persons reporting corruption or wilful misuse of discretion which causes demonstrable loss to the government or commission of a criminal offence by a public servant.

40) Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) launched E-Wallet Scheme. The scheme was launched to make payment process fast and to reduce transaction failures due to bank payment related problems.

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Current Affairs – January 2014

1) India and the Netherlands signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in field of Sports. MoU provides exchange of knowledge and experience in the fields of sports management, competition infrastructure set-up, coaching, training systems and training of referees for various sporting disciplines. It also decides top-sport development through youth academies.

2) Arun Kumar Gupta took charge as the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) by the Union Government.

3) Government of India and the government of Fiji signed a Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) for avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.

4) Kathy Cross of New Zealand  became the first woman to be appointed in an International Cricket Council (ICC) umpires panel. 

5) Six Public Sector Units (PSUs)- BHEL, Solar Energy Corporation of India,Sambhar Salt Ltd, Power Grid, Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam,  have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up the World’s largest 4000 MW ultra solar power project in Rajasthan.

6) US Chamber of Commerce released the International Intellectual Property (IP) Index. In the IP Index, India has scored a low seven point out of maximum 30 points. India continues to have the weakest IP environment of all countries included in the GIPC Index for the second consecutive year.

7) Chilika lagoon in Odisha was named Destination Flyways by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The lagoon was named so for its sustainable and resilient destination for migratory birds.

8) 60-day state of emergencHamid Ansari, the Vice President of India has released a book entitled India’s Political and Foreign Relations with the Gulf Region on 21 January 2014 at New Delhi.om 22 January 2014.

9) Hamid Ansari, the Vice President of India has released a book entitled India’s Political and Foreign Relations with the Gulf Region at New Delhi.

10) First Climate Change theatre was opened at Pushpa Gujral Science City in Kapurthala, Punjab. The theatre will educate people on climate change. This is the second theatre in the world to be opened after Canada.

11) Lewis Clarke, 16 years old became the youngest person to trek to the South Pole. Clarke spent 48 days at temperature of -40 Celsius and winds of up to 193 km/h.

12) Delhi government withdrew the Foreign Domestic Investment (FDI) in Multibrand Retail. With this, Delhi became first state to take this step.

13) Gorakhpur railway station’s platform number one of Uttar Pradesh has entered into the Limca Book of Records as longest rail platform in the world.

14) Facebook acquired Bengaluru-based Little Eye Labs for 90 crore rupees . It has become the first Indian and the third Asian company to be acquired by Facebook.

15) Bajaj Allianz General Insurance launched an all women branch in Pune . It is the first insurer to give an opportunity to women with an aim to tap the vast talent pool of women professionals.

16) R. Chandrashekhar was appointed as President of National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) on 4 January 2014. He succeeded Som Mittal.

17) Young shuttler Aditya Joshi from Madhya Pradesh became the first male junior badminton player from India to be ranked top in the world.

18) Andhra Pradesh bagged the Oil and Gas Conservation Award for the best performance among the big States. The award is given by the Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

19) India completes three years without reporting any case of polio on 13 January 2014. It is only the second time in the history that a disease is being eliminated in India through immunisation after small pox in May 1980.

20) Seventh Global Insurance Summit was held at Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. The summit was organised by National Council on Insurance of Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM). The focus of the summit was on the need for simplifying the insurance process and to provide financial security for the masses in India.

21) Country’s largest software services firm Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) decided to set up the world’s largest corporate learning and development centre in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The corporate learning centre will have a total capacity to train 50,000 professionals every year.

22) Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh launched the total E-literacy project implemented by PN Panicker Vigyan Vikas Kendra in Thiruvanathpuram. This would act as the corner-stone of the Kerala model of development.

23) Cristiano Ronaldo was awarded the Order of Prince Henry by the Portugal’s president office . It is one of the Portugal’s highest honours.

24) The Wimbledon Foundation has teamed up with HSBC and All India Tennis Association (AITA) to launch The Road to Wimbledon event in India. This will be the first ever Wimbledon tennis event to be hosted outside the UK. The event was held at Delhi and Mumbai.

25) World Braille Day is absorbed across the world on 4 January. It is observed every year on 4 January to commemorate the birthday of Louis Braille.

26) Latvia became the 18th member of the Euro zone. The small ex-Soviet state has been preparing for the switch, since European Union finance ministers formally announced in July 2013 that Latvia could adopt the Euro.

27) Supercomputer PARAM Yuva-II was rated 1st in India, 9th in the Asia Pacific Region and 44th in the world among the most power efficient computer systems as per the Green 500 List.

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